The Jordan Valley is one of the richest archaeological regions in the entire Near East. It shows a long and unbroken human occupational history. It played an important role in the Natufian and Neolithic periods, as well as in the formation of village farming communities of the Chalcolithic period and the first towns of the Early Bronze Age (third millennium BC). There are major sites from the Middle Bronze, Late Bronze and Iron Ages, as well as Roman, Byzantine and Islamic periods. During the Ayyubid/Mamluk period a major sugar industry developed in all parts of the Valley, which was later abandoned during Ottoman times.
There have been several major surveys and excavations in the Jordan Valley, including at: Tell Ash Shunah North, Tabaqat Fahl (Pella), Tell El Hayyat, Tell Abu Al Kharaz, Tell Abu Hamed, Tell As Saidiyyeh, Tell Al Mazar, Tell Deir Alla, Tell Damiyeh, Tell Nimrin, Tell Al Hammam, Tuleilat Ghassul, and the Baptism Site. However, many of its archaeological sites and historical buildings have been destroyed in recent years or are in immediate danger.
Prof. Dr. Moawiyah M. Ibrahim is a PhD graduate of the Free University of Berlin (1970) and has served in several academic administrative positions including: Dean of Arts, Humanities and Social Studies (Yarmouk University), founding Director of the Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology 1981-1992 (Yarmouk University) and he is the initiator of the Museum of Jordanian Heritage attached to the same institute. He is the founding Chairman of the Department of Archaeology at Sultan Qaboos University 1994-2004 (Oman). He was also Visiting Professor at several German and US universities. Prof. Ibrahim led numerous cultural heritage research projects in Jordan, Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, and Yemen, as well as undertaking excursions to Saudi Arabia, Syria, Iraq, Turkey, and other countries. He has published 10 books and over 120 scientific articles in journals and other scholarly publications. He has also served on editorial boards for several regional and international journals, in addition to organizing a number of museums, exhibitions, symposia, and other projects related to the cultural heritage of the Arab countries. He has received several awards for his achievements.